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Updated 2/28/2015

Family Euphorbiaceae

Spurge Family

A large family with milky poisonous sap.  Modified flowers are consolidated to form structure called a cyathium.  A central female ovary is surrounded by several male flowers which are reduced to a single stamen.  Colored bracts resembling petals ring the edge.  Many are weeds while others are succulent and suited to life in dry areas.  Hawaii has a number of endemic species called 'Akoko, of which many are rare or endangered.

 

HAWAII - ENDEMIC

Euphorbia degeneri 

DEGENER'S 'AKOKO

 

Euphorbia deppeana

NU'UANU PALI 'AKOKO

 
Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana

   KA'ENA 'AKOKO  

 
Euphorbia celastroides var. laehiensis

   EAST MAUI 'AKOKO  

Euphorbia haeleeleana

   HA'ELE'ELE  'AKOKO  

 

Euphorbia celastroides

   'AKOKO

Euphorbia hillebrandii var. palikeana



PALIKEA 'AKOKO

Antidesma platyphyllum var. platyphyllum



HAME

HAWAII - POLYNESIAN INTRODUCTION

Aleurites moluccana

CANDLENUT TREE    KUKUI

 


HAWAII - NATURALIZED

Euphorbia hyssopifolia

HYSSOPLEAF SANDMAT

Euphorbia hypericifolia

GRACEFUL SPURGE

 
Euphorbia hirta

HAIRY or GARDEN SPURGE

 
Euphorbia prostrata

PROSTRATE SPURGE

 
Euphorbia cyathophora 

MEXICAN FIREPLANT or WILD POINSETTIA

 

 

Euphorbia heterophylla

DESERT or WILD POINSETTIA

 

Ricinus communis 

CASTOR BEAN

 

 

Manihot glaziovii

CEARA RUBBER TREE

 

Macaranga mappa 

MACARANGA    BINGABING

 


HAWAII - CULTIVATED

Euphorbia pulcherrima

POINSETTIA

 

Jatropha integerrima

PEREGRINA or SPICY JATROPHA

 

Acalypha hispida

CHENILLE PLANT

 

Euphorbia punicea

JAMAICAN POINSETTIA

Euphorbia milii

CROWN-OF-THORNS

 

Euphorbia tirucalli

PENCIL TREE or MILK BUSH

Hura crepitans

SANDBOX TREE

 

Euphorbia lactea

MILK-STRIPED EUPHORBIA

 

Euphorbia leucocephala

WHITE-LACED or SNOWFLAKE EUPHORBIA

 

Jatropha multifida


CORAL PLANT

or FRENCH PHYSIC NUT